Local Name Indonesia
Formal Name Republic of Indonesia
Capital City Jakarta
Population  224,784,210
Largest cities Jakarta: city proper  9,160,500; metro. area  11,500,000, Surabaya, 2,701,300; Bandung, 2,368,200; Medan, 1,909,700; Semarang, 1,366,500
Area (sq. km) 1,919,440
Currency Indonesian Rupiah
Languages Bahasa Indonesia (official), Dutch, English, and more than 583 languages and dialects
Religions Islam, 87%; Christian, 9%; Hindu, 2%; other, 2%
Ethinicity/race Javanese 45%, Sundanese 14%, Madurese 7.5%, coastal Malays 7.5%, other 26%
Literacy rate 84% (1990)
GDP (US$)  $602 billion (1998 est.)
GDP per capita  $2,830
Real growth rate 13.7%
Inflation 77%
Arable land 10%.
Agriculture rice, cassava (tapioca), peanuts, rubber, cocoa, coffee, palm oil, copra, poultry, beef, pork, eggs.
Natural resources petroleum, tin, natural gas, nickel, timber, bauxite, copper, fertile soils, coal, gold, silver.
Labor force 87 million (1997 est.): agriculture, 41%; trade, restaurant, and hotel, 19.8%; manufacturing, 14%; construction, 4.8%; transport and communications, 4.75%; other, 15.65% (1997).
Unemployment 15%20%
Industries petroleum and natural gas, textiles, apparel, footwear, mining, cement, chemical fertilizers, plywood, rubber, food, tourism. 
Exports $49 billion (f.o.b., 1998 est.): garments, textiles, gas, electrical appliances, pulp and paper, oil, plywood
Imports  $24 billion (f.o.b., 1998 est.): manufactures, raw materials, foodstuffs, fuel.
Major trading partners Japan, EU, U.S., Singapore, Germany, South Korea, Hong Kong, China, Taiwan, Australia.

 

      

     

 

Copyright 2000 by Anthony James.  All rights reserved.