Local Name Pilipinas
Formal Name Republic of the Philippines
Capital City Manila
Population 81,159,644 
Largest cities  Manila. 9,280,000; Quezon City, 1,669,776; Cebu, 610,415
Area (sq. km) 300,000
Currency Philippine Peso
Languages Filipino (based on Tagalog), English; regional languages: Tagalog, Ilocano, Cebuano, others
Religions Roman Catholic, 84%; Protestant, 10%; Islam, 5%; Buddhist and other, 3%
Ethinicity/race Christian Malay 91.5%, Muslim Malay 4%, Chinese 1.5%, other 3%
Literacy rate 94% (1990)
GDP (US$) $270.5 billion
GDP per capita  $3,500
Real growth rate 0.5% (1998 est.)
Inflation 9.7% (1998 est.)
Arable land 19%
Agriculture rice, coconuts, corn, sugarcane, bananas, pineapples, mangoes, pork, eggs, beef, fish
Natural resources timber, petroleum, nickel, cobalt, silver, gold, salt, copper
Labor force 31.3 million (1998 est.): agriculture, 39.8%; government and social services, 19.4%; services, 17.7%; manufacturing, 9.8%; construction, 5.8%; other, 7.5%
Unemployment 9.6% (October 1998)
Industries textiles, pharmaceuticals, chemicals, wood products, food processing, electronics assembly, petroleum refining, fishing
Exports $25 billion (f.o.b., 1998 est.): electronics and telecommunications, machinery and transport, garments, other.
Imports  $29 billion (f.o.b., 1998 est.): raw materials and intermediate goods, capital goods, consumer goods, fuel.
Major trading partners U.S., Japan, EU, Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), Hong Kong, Taiwan, Saudi Arabia.

 

      

     

 

Copyright 2000 by Anthony James.  All rights reserved.