Local Name Viêt Nam
Formal Name Socialist Republic of Viet Nam
Capital City Hanoi
Population 78,773,873
Largest cities (1992 est.) Ho Chi Minh City (Saigon), 3,015,743; Hanoi, 1,073,760. Other large cities (1989): Haiphong, 456,049; Da Nang, 370,670; Nha Trang, 213,687; Qui Nho'n, 160,091; Hué 211,085
Area (sq. km) 331,690
Currency Vietnamese Dong
Languages Vietnamese, Chinese
Religions Buddhist, Roman Catholic
Ethinicity/race Vietnamese 85%–90%, Chinese 3%, Muong, Thai, Meo, Khmer, Man, Cham
Literacy rate 94% (1995)
GDP (US$) $134.8 billion 
GDP per capita  $1,770
Real growth rate 4% (1998 est.)
Inflation 9% (1998 est.)
Arable land 17% 
Agriculture paddy rice, corn, potatoes, rubber, soybeans, coffee, tea, bananas, poultry, pigs, fish
Natural resources phosphates, forests, coal.
Labor force 32.7 million: agriculture, 65%; industry and services, 35% (1990 est.).  
Unemployment  25% (1995 est.).
Industries food processing, garments, shoes, machine building, mining, cement, chemical fertilizer, glass, tires, oil, coal, steel, paper
Exports $9.4 billion (f.o.b., 1998 est.): crude oil, marine products, rice, coffee, rubber, tea, garments, shoes.
Imports $11.4 billion (f.o.b., 1998 est.): machinery and equipment, petroleum products, fertilizer, steel products, raw cotton, grain, cement, motorcycles
Major trading partners Japan, Germany, Singapore, Taiwan, Hong Kong, France, South Korea.
Imports $133.9 billion (1997 est.): aircraft, petroleum, chemicals, foodstuffs.
Major trading partners Malaysia, U.S., Hong Kong, Japan, Thailand, Taiwan, South Korea.





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